Special Education Acronyms – What Do All Those Letters Mean?

Do you sometimes wonder what some of the Acronyms in special education mean? Do the acronyms make your head spin? This article will discuss common special education acronyms and what they mean. This will make it easier for you to actively participate in your child with disabilities education. 1. FAPE: stands for Free Appropriate Public … Continue reading “Special Education Acronyms – What Do All Those Letters Mean?”

Do you sometimes wonder what some of the Acronyms in special education mean? Do the acronyms make your head spin? This article will discuss common special education acronyms and what they mean. This will make it easier for you to actively participate in your child with disabilities education.

1. FAPE: stands for Free Appropriate Public Education. Each child has the right under IDEA to receive a free appropriate public education.

2. IDEA: stands for the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act; which is the federal law that applies to special education.

3. IDEA 2004: This is the federal law that was reauthorized in 2004. If you see this in an article, it usually means that something was changed in IDEA, by the reauthorization in 2004.

4. LEA: stands for the local educational agency, which is your local school district.

5. SEA: stands for the state educational agency, which is your states board of education.

6. IEP: stands for the Individual Educational Plan, which must be developed for every child that receives special education services.

7. LRE: stands for Least Restrictive Environment. LRE means that children with disabilities need to be educated in the least restrictive environment, in which they can learn. LRE starts at the regular classroom, and becomes more restrictive.

8. NCLB: stands for the No Child Left Behind Act.

9. IEE’s: stands for an Independent Educational Evaluation. These are initiated and paid for by parents, to help determine their child’s disability or educational needs.

10. IEE’s at Public Expense: stands for an IEE where the school district pays for it. There are rules that apply to this, that you must learn before requesting an IEE at public expense. Many special education personnel try and do things that are not allowed under IDEA, so you need to educate yourself.

11. ASD: stands for Autism Spectrum Disorder, which some school districts use in their paperwork.

12. ADD: stands for Attention Deficit Disorder.

13. ADHD: stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

14. PWN: stands for Prior Written Notice. Parents must be given PWN when the school district wants to change things in the child’s IEP. (such as eligibility, change services, refuse to change services etc.).

15. ABA: stands for Applied Behavioral Analysis that is an educational treatment for Autism.

16. SID: stands for Sensory Integration Disorder. A lot of children with Autism have difficulty with sensory integration.

17. SPD: stands for Sensory Processing Disorder which is the same as above, but some people in the special education field, call it different names.

Making Education More Expensive Through Subsidies

One of the cardinal rules of economics is that if you tax something, people consume less of it, and if you subsidize something, people consume more of it.

Another cardinal rule of economics is the basic law of supply and demand: When people consume more of something, the price increases. The converse is also true.

When you put these two rules together, it is easy to understand why things like health care, housing and education tend to increase in price faster than things like chocolate bars and snow tires. The tax code offers a big subsidy toward the consumption of health care, because employer-paid insurance is not taxable to the employee actually consuming that care. The law does the same for housing by making mortgage interest deductible.

The price of a college education could not have increased nearly as fast as it did over the past few decades had the government not stepped in, first to back and then to directly issue vast amounts of student debt at interest rates that do not reflect the reality that many borrowers will never be able to satisfy their obligations.

Now some lawmakers want to prescribe yet another stimulant to the cost of education. Two bills currently in Congress have the same objective: to expand a section of the tax code to treat up to $5,250 per year in employer contributions toward employees’ education debt as nontaxable income.

If this policy became law, it would serve as a further tax subsidy to both the borrower, who could pay back a portion of the debt with tax-free dollars, and the borrower’s employer, who could avoid paying both Social Security and Medicare taxes on such debt payments.

Incidentally, who would make up for those lost Social Security and Medicare taxes? All the rest of us.

Legislators did not pull this idea out of thin air. Even without the suggested tax benefits, some employers have begun offering educational loan repayment as a fringe benefit. PricewaterhouseCoopers was one of the first major employers to offer such a perk, and Fidelity launched its own version in January. These programs have proven popular when available, and many young adult workers have said such a benefit would attract them to a potential employer. Yet only 3 percent of companies currently offer this perk, according to the Society for Human Resource Management. (1)

Congressional backers want to increase that number substantially. The plan to offer a subsidy is politically attractive, especially if you are trying to lure young adult voters to your camp. But unfortunately, it makes no economic sense. Americans are already wringing our hands over the difficulty of weaning people off existing subsidies for mortgage debt and health insurance. Now backers of this ill-conceived idea would create a new iteration of the same problem.

Moreover, the proposal could turn out to be highly unfair to different groups of borrowers. Unless Congress is careful, graduates who pursue self-employment after completing their education might not get the same break as their traditionally employed peers. Students who work for firms that do not offer this benefit will also find themselves at a disadvantage, paying their debts with after-tax dollars while their classmates, doing the same work at other firms, will pay their debts on a pretax basis.

We have tax-favored alternatives for workers who don’t have access to a 401(k) through an employer, but what would such an alternative look like in this scenario? And what about parents or grandparents who choose to relieve their young adult family members of some of the burden by paying educational loans on their behalf?

Like much of the debate supporting the Affordable Care Act, the arguments in favor of this plan are confused. Legislation that truly aimed to make care affordable would have driven down the cost of providing health services instead of driving it up by subsidizing additional consumption. Making education affordable is not a matter of funneling more tax dollars to indebted graduates; it is a matter of bringing the cost of education into line with its realistic economic benefits.

Psychology Career Education and Advancement

Understanding a Psychologist

Psychologists use their skill and expertise in various fields like management, health, law, education and even sports. This is because people from every field need counseling and psychological help. Essentially, a psychologist should have very good communication and interpersonal skills.

As a psychologist, you should be able to connect emotionally with patients to help them deal with their problems. What any individual psychologist does depends on their level of expertise and interest. A school or clinical psychologist or one with a private practice can set their own hours. They do not have to work long hours like the psychologists who work with hospital and government organizations do.

Another aspect of a psychologist’s job is conducting tests and experiments. These help them to understand their patients and their behavior.

Training and Education

It is not enough to just have formal training – it is important to back up that training with experience and practice in the field. A graduate degree is a must for every psychologist; a bachelor’s degree in a particular field of expertise to be precise is mandatory. People who want to become school psychologists have to earn special degrees by completing three years of graduate school and a one year internship.

Those who want to become clinical psychologists or counseling psychologists with a private practice and those who want to get into teaching or research require a doctorate or PhD after their Masters degree. This takes up to seven years to acquire.

Licensing is a big part of becoming a psychologist. It is necessary for psychologists to be certified and have a license before they can start their practice. The American Board of Professional Psychology certifies and awards those who have excelled in psychology. Anyone who wants to apply for a psychologist’s license has to pass a National Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology. This test is popular among those who have completed their Masters degree in Psychology. This gives them the advantage of licensed psychologists. Remember that psychiatrists are also physicians, but psychologists are not.

Getting a job as a psychologist is a tedious process. You can either apply through agencies or school placement offices. If you want to start your own practice, then seek help from a professional association. For listings of job options professional journals, ads, Internet and newspapers are the best place to look.

Scope and Pay

It has been forecasted that the jobs for psychologists will grow and increase at a faster rate than most other jobs. This depends on the kind of psychologist you are, your skills and your qualities. Psychologists practice in the field of healthcare, in drug and substance abuse clinics, schools and public and private organizations, and especially in social services. Organizations and companies also use the expertise of the psychologists to understand consumer behavior and help them with marketing techniques.

The field of psychology is never boring and gives candidates several career fields to choose from. If you enjoy working with people and solving problems, then you just might be cut out for this exciting career.